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  1. Inflation (CPI)
  2. Prices - Inflation (CPI) - OECD Data
  3. Recent Stories
  4. This calculator helps determine the buying power of a dollar over time in the United States

Just as there is more than one CPI measurement, there are several different measurements for inflation.

What Is Inflation?

The Producer Price Index PPI , for example, is a popular inflation measure that measures the average change in wholesale prices. Inflation has a significant effect on investment returns and decisions. These can be used to hedge inflation, and they indicate the market's opinion about future prices.

Inflation's fundamental relationship with supply and demand means that inflation directly or indirectly affects nearly every financial decision, from consumer choices to lending rates, and from asset allocation to stock prices. The inflation rate also offers important clues about the state of an economy. Most economists agree that moderate inflation is a sign of a growing economy and that deflation is a sign of stagnation.

When inflation is high, overall prices are rising within the economy. In this type of environment, businesses generally have little trouble raising prices to their customers. What's more, there's a certain momentum to inflation data; when consumers see inflation they usually expect prices to rise.

That makes it easier for businesses to justify price hikes.

Inflation (CPI)

However, when inflation is fairly low, it makes it extremely difficult for most companies to raise prices for goods and services. Furthermore, inflation can influence the following areas: Corporate Performance Inflation can distort a company's financial performance.

For example, a company that reports high revenue growth during a period of rising inflation could be misleading shareholders if those revenues were the result of inflationary pressure rather than managerial skill.

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For this reason, many analysts use inflation information to "deflate" or adjust certain financial measures so that they can compare them accurately over time. Inflation can also influence a company's choices in accounting methods. Securities Analysis Although all of the factors above can affect a company's stock price, perhaps the largest effect inflation has on securities is found in the discount rate. When inflation is high or rising, the future dividends or interest payments from an investment are worth less. In broad terms , the higher inflation goes, the higher the discount rate goes, and the lower the value of the security goes.

The reverse is also true. Monetary Policy Because the Federal Reserve's job is to maintain long-term economic prosperity through the execution of monetary policy, it takes a keen interest in inflation rates when deciding whether to raise or lower the buyout. This is one reason some analysts consider inflation a measure of the effectiveness of certain government policies. Contracts and Obligations Contracts and other obligations involving payments over time often consider inflation.

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For example, many labor contracts tie wage adjustments to changes in the CPI , as do some alimony , child support , rent, royalty, and other obligations affected by changes in purchasing power. People living off fixed incomes are particularly affected by inflation, and this is why the government usually adjusts Social Security checks and food stamps, as well as the wages of federal employees and members of the military on a regular basis. Source: Investing Answers. See the full definition for inflation in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with inflation.

Spanish Central: Translation of inflation. Nglish: Translation of inflation for Spanish Speakers. Britannica English: Translation of inflation for Arabic Speakers. What made you want to look up inflation? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! When equal coverage leads to uneven results.

It's now in the dictionary. You all would not have guessed some of these. Some imitative words are more surprising than others. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.

Prices - Inflation (CPI) - OECD Data

The awkward case of 'his or her'. Which of these things doesn't belong? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Definition of inflation. Subscribe to our FREE monthly E-zine and we will keep you up-to-date on what is happening in the area of inflation, interest rates and market trends. Webmasters- We would be happy to have you use any of our charts What is Core Inflation?

Recent Stories

What is Disinflation? What is Agflation? What is Stagflation? What is Hyperinflation? What is Quantitative Easing? What is Quantitative Tightening? What is Velocity of Money? What is Fiat Currency? How Do I Calculate Inflation?

This calculator helps determine the buying power of a dollar over time in the United States

Price Inflation Calc. Cost of Living Calc. Cost of Gas Calc. Net Worth Calc. Lifetime Earnings Calc. Savings Goal Calc. Financial Calculators Inf. Since high inflation is detrimental to the overall economy but beneficial to the government since it allows them to pay back their debt with "cheaper dollars" the Federal Reserve has a constant balancing act to try to reconcile the government's desires for higher inflation with the need for a healthy economy.

In an effort to convince people that inflation is really good, the government has a constant media circus going promoting the benefits of inflation and decrying the evils of deflation but what's so bad about falling prices? Their major argument revolves around the "stimulating" effects of inflation. Basically it makes people feel richer until they eventually realize that each of their dollars now buys less.

But in the meantime they tend to spend the "excess". This results in people buying things they wouldn't have, had they realized that their money was actually worth less than they thought. Eventually this results in a monetary "hangover" as the effects of their buying binge become apparent.

Inflation is largely a result of increases in the money supply months or even years previously.